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Scene 1: Non-descript parking lot next to a grocery store
Not long ago I was standing in the rain in front of a grocery store next to a country-side highway on an island in Washington State. I had been asked how CPTED might fix open-air drug deals in the parking lot. I was assessing sightlines, lighting, and access.
“What drugs are they dealing?” I asked the frightened storeowners.
“Black Tar Heroin. It’s happening all along the Island highway, not just here.”
Black Tar Heroin! The name conjures images of wealthy executives sneaking expensive drug habits into their secret lives. And how did $200-a-gram heroin (the most addictive drug anywhere) replace meth and crack as a street drug?
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Scene 2: The I-5 Interstate freeway on the U.S. west coast
This island highway is a short ferry ride from the I-5 just north of Seattle. The I-5 corridor is the main transport spine along the US west coast from Mexico to the Canadian border.
I discovered that Mexican drug cartels produce this Black Tar Heroin in response to the government crackdown on over-prescribed opioids like Vicodin and Oxycontin. That crackdown cut off suburban addicts from their over-prescription pipeline and created an expanding market for heroin. These addicts prefer an opioid high unlike Meth (though island cops say some now combine both). The perfect opioid replacement? Heroin!
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Scene 3: The Sinaloan coastal plains, north-western Mexico
Mexican cartels use profits to hire chemists and create heroin mills with the latest technology that cuts production costs. My drug cop contacts tell me that over the past few years street heroin dropped from $200 to $30 per gram. Suddenly an isolated parking lot looks like a perfect marketplace for dealers up and down the island.
The 1-5 corridor links San Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Portland and Seattle on the same route. The island parking lot in which I’m standing is a short ferry ride from I-5. It is the perfect storm for drug routes.
Where do cartels get such a large supply of opioids?
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Scene 4: Afghanistan's poppy fields
For decades 80% of the world’s heroin came from Afghanistan’s poppy fields. Opium derives from poppy seed pods. With the Taliban takeover, poppy growing was eradicated (probably the only useful outcome of that era). After the Taliban fled, poppy production soared.
Today Afghanistan is once again a majority producer of poppy seeds. Farmers there and drug runners here have opened whole new heroin markets.
I had no idea a wet grocery store parking lot would typify an expanding street heroin scene across the country. But that is exactly what is happening.
SafeGrowth® is a philosophy and theory of neighborhood safety planning for 21st Century.